IoT Cheat Sheet – A beginner ́s guide to IoT terminology

Get up-to-speed with everything in the IoT ecosystem – from smart devices to communication technologies and how they are used in the marketplace.

Here´s a guide to help you understand what is what in the age of connected things. Have this Internet of Things cheat sheet at hand to stay smart about everything smart: from smart devices, through communication technologies, to terms associated with the Internet of Things!

Internet of Things
Coined in 1999, this refers to the active exchanged of information between devices previously unconnected.

Internet of Everything
Another term for IoT coined by and still used by Cisco, implies that IoT is not only made up of things, but also of data, process and people.

Industrial Internet of Things
An umbrella term for M2M technology when it is focuses exclusively on industrial machines.

Machine to Machine
A communications style emphasizing data transfer between large (sometimes industrial) machines that makes use of near-instantaneous data transfer to facilitate higher efficiency and pre- empt problems.

Vehicle to Vehicle
It is simply put, communication be– tween two vehicles. It is used com- monly to describe Fleet Management, a style of business that maximizes efficiency and minimizes waste by continuously transmitting locational and statistical data between large fleets of vehicles and a central hub.

Mobile Networks

CDMA2000 (also known as C2K or IMT-MC) is a family of 3G mobile tech- nology standards for sending voice, data, and signaling data between mobile phones and cell sites. Not to be confu- sed with “the other” CDMA which stands for Code Division Multiple Access, a technique where several transmitters can send information simultaneously over a single communication channel.

General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is a packet oriented mobile data service on the 2G cellular communication system’s global system for mobile communications (GSM). GPRS introduced packet switched data which meant internet access.

Global System for Mobile Communications (originally Groupe Spécial Mobile), is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation (2G) digital cellular networks used by mobile phones, first deployed in Finland in July 1991.

The Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is a third generation mobile cellular system for networks based on the GSM standard.

The Organizations

3rd Generation Partnership Project is a collaborative project established in 1998 aimed at developing globally acceptable specifications for third (and future) generation mobile systems.

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers describe themselves as the “world’s largest technical professional society.” It aims to promote standardization through international electronics development.

The GSM Association represents the in- terests of mobile operators worldwide, uniting nearly 800 operators with more than 250 companies in the broader mobile ecosystem, including handset and device makers, software companies, equipment providers and Internet companies, as well as organisations in adjacent industry sectors. The GSMA organizes the largest annual event in the mobile industry, the GSMA Mobile World Congress.

The World Wide Web Consortium is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or W3).

The “Smarts”

Smart bulb
A connected (usually by WiFi) LED lightbulb that typically allows for remote control, automation, and customization.

Smart city
A city that has a governing body promoting the use of IoT and green technologies. Typically these technologies are used to increase efficiency, decrease waste, and improve the quality of residents’ day-to-day lives.

Smart grid
One of two things:

  • The device used to measure electricity usage in a home (more often called a ‘smart meter’ but sometimes used interchangeably)
  • A power grid of the utilities company that is enabled to work with smart meters and smart homes to provide a more customized and eco-friendly experience to the consumer and to save on the costs of wasted electricity as found in traditional electricity grids.

Smart home
A home that consists of other smart products like a smart grid, smart bulb, and most typically, the ability to control, customize, and automate temperature and lighting throughout the house. Another common feature is the ability to lock and unlock the doors and windows remotely. When used in commercial construction, this is sometimes called ‘Smart Building.’

Smart label
An enhanced version of a bar code. Unlike traditional bar codes, a smart label can contain much more information about a product. Smart labels take the shape of RFID tags, Electronic Article Surveillance (EAS)tags, or the most commonly seen, QR codes.

Smart meter
A meter in a house or building that measures electricity, gas, or water consumption. It is termed ‘smart’ because it responds to usage and will increase or decrease flow according to the general consumption data from the utility company as well as the individuals within the building.

Smart manufacturing
Taking advantage of advanced information and manufacturing technologies to enable flexibility in physical processes to address a dynamic and global market. Smart manufacturing is the foundation of what is sometimes referred to as Industry 4.0 – the next industrial revolution – where smart machines develop new smarter machines.

Smart watch
A type of wearable. It is a wristwatch- like device that is usually connected to a smartphone or other wearable device to give the user a control panel on his or her wrist. Smart watches most often use Bluetooth technology to communicate.

More words can be found in the dictionary accessible to download.

IOT Cheat Sheet - Stay smart about everything smart